Parasite control

earlshall_petadvice_parasites_img_sarcoptes[1]Parasites are organisms that live on another creature and generally feed off of that animal and can cause various diseases ranging from mildly annoying to the severe and potentially fatal. Our pets are unfortunately subject to various parasites both external and internal. These can cause them discomfort, poor condition and can also make them seriously unwell. Thankfully many of these parasites can be prevented and treated so your pet will never have to suffer the misery of being under attack by these minuet but hugely impacting creatures.

Our staff are always on hand to help you prevent and manage any parasite related problem. Each individual is different and may have different risk factors so we can help you tailor a program that suits your pet’s individual needs. All the products that we recommend are so easy and simple to apply and are effective. The products are prescription strength so it is important that we see your pet and ensure it is in good health before any product is administered. This will usually involve a free veterinary check up. Our nurses are more than happy to explain to you about the different products on offer and what would be most suitable for you.

Common parasites that we routinely treat pets against


Fleas feed on the blood of their hosts and they can be passed from one animal to another.  To give you an idea of how much blood a flea can take; a female can have an intake of more than 15 times its body weight each day! They favour a warm temperature and without proper treatment a flea can live on its host for up to 140 days and every day, a single female flea can lay up to 50 eggs!

There are four stages to a flea’s life cycle. This consists of; 1) Eggs 2) Larvae 3) Pupae  4) Adult flea.

A female flea starts to lay eggs 24 to 36 hours after her first blood meal.  Larvae then emerge and after 5 – 20 days they will pupate and weave a silken cocoon. (This is the most resistant life stage of the flea and they can stay in this state for potentially months or years).  Finally the flea reaches adulthood.  The primary goal of a flea is to find blood and then to reproduce.

Flea control used here at Earls Hall is Advocate, which offers the following protection:-

  • TickFlea and lice treatment and prevention of flea infestations. The product can be also used as part of a treatment strategy for FAD (Flea Allergy Dermatitis)
  • Heartworm prevention
  • Gastrointestinal worm control including several larval stages
  • Treatment and prevention of lungworms in dogs (Angiostrongylus vasorum and treatment of crenosoma vulpis)
  • Control of ear mites in cats and dogs
  • Control of sarcoptic mange in dogs
  • Control of Demodex mites in dogs

The product comes in packs of 3 pipettes or 6 pipettes.  We recommend you flea your pet every 4 weeks.  Remember that fleas can be found not only on your pet, but in your home too.   It’s always best to de-flea your house (we sell household sprays for this purpose) as well as your pet to help eliminate these nasty little visitors!

If you would like to know more information about the products we supply, please don’t hesitate to contact us at any of our surgeries.


Worms can be nasty and may cause major problems for your pet.  We recommend you worm your puppies and kittens every month until they are 6 months old and then as adults, we recommend they are wormed every 3 months. Worms are generally passed onto your dog or cat through the environment, whether it’s from eating an infected animal or digesting eggs picked up in the soil.  Below we will give you an idea of the most common worms.

Hookworms are recognised by having cutting plates and teeth in their mouths and can grow between 5 and 16mm long.  They live in the small intestine where they latch onto the intestinal wall and feed on blood. Dogs and cats can become infected by eating a host (such as small mammals) containing infective larvae; which develop into adult hookworm in the intestine.

They are slender worms of around 2.5cm long. The Lungworm resides in the heart and pulmonary arteries and can be fatal to dogs if left untreated. Dogs can be infected by digesting, by accident or on purpose, infected slugs and snails or by licking or ingesting grass or objects which the slugs and snails have been on.

They look like long, flat ribbons or tapes, divided into segments.  An adult tapeworm lives in the small intestine and once mature they release segments containing eggs.  These eggs get passed out in your dog or cats faeces and can be seen.  (They look like small grains of rice).  Your dog or cat contracts tapeworm through ingesting an intermediate host.  The most common of these hosts will be the flea.

They are white, long and sleek and vary in size.  They are not found in the UK, so be careful when travelling with your pets.  They are transmitted by infected mosquitoes and once infected the worm will live in the pulmonary arteries and right-side of the heart of infected dogs and cats.

These worms live in your pets intestines and they can grow up to a few centimeters long.  All dogs and cats are at risk of roundworm infection whether they live inside or outside.  Puppies and Kittens are the most commonly infected.  These worms are Dog-Roundwormpresent in the soil and pets can be infected by eating worm eggs.  Puppies are commonly infected when they are still in their mother’s womb and both puppies and kittens can be infected when suckling their mother’s milk.

These parasites may sound nasty, but regular treatment can keep these little critters at bay.

There are various products that we recommend and we can tailor a treatment regime specifically for your pet, its risks and requirements. Speak to our staff today for further advice. Further information can be found here