Neutering

petfriendlypractice_sleeping_catNeutering is the general term used for the surgical removal of the reproductive organs in both male and female dogs, cats and rabbits.

  • Castration is the removal of the testicles of  males.
  • Spaying is the removal of the ovaries and uterus of females

Neutering has many benefits to the patient. Aside from the obvious of preventing unwanted pregnancies, it can also help prevent many health problems; infections of the uterus (pyometra), mammary tumours, testicular cancer, prostate cancer the list goes on.  We neuter dogs, cats, ferrets, rabbits and small furies. We also have the facilities to laparoscopically spey female dogs (keyhole surgery). [Laparoscopic surgery]

Neutering is an essential part of responsible pet ownership. Breeding can lead to unwanted litters of animals and therefore contributes to the thousands of unwanted pets in rescue shelters.

Neutering can have several benefits to pets

Benefits in Dogs

In dogs  both behaviour and health reasons can be positively affected.

Neutering may encourage a calmer and more predictable behaviour, possibly reducing aggressive and unwanted sexual behaviour, help prevent fighting, mounting and destructives behaviour, making the dog a more suitable family pet. Male dogs are also less likely to escape and roam seeking out a local female in season. Neutered females should not come into season so avoids the mess and inconvenience.

The health benefits are the most important reasons for getting a pet neutered. Pregnancy can have serious implications on a pet and there can be serious  complications. Pyometra (infection of the womb) is avoided in neutered  females and this can be a life threatening infection. Neutering also reduces or removes  the risks of some cancers including testicular and mammary.

Benefits in Cats

In male cats neutering can help prevent them to contracting diseases such as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) or Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV) from fighting and ending up injured. Males would otherwise roam large areas in search of unneutered females and this puts them at more risk of road accidents and injuries.  Tom cats will also spray strong smelling urine to mark their territory and this can sometimes be inside the home too. Health benefits include reducing the risk of cancers. Neutered males tend to make better pets are they are much more content to stay at home and have human company.

Neutered Female cats will be unable to become pregnant so no unwanted kittens. They will be less likely to contract infectious and life threatening diseases such as FIV and FelV that can be spread from bites and mating. Entire females will call or wail for males so neutering should stop this. The health benefits are great and speying a female will prevent ovarian and uterine cancer and greatly reduce the risk of mammary cancers

Benefits in Rabbits

Male rabbits (bucks) make responsive pets, but have the same drawbacks as tom cats if they’re not castrated. Most are territorial and frequently spray urine, and aggression is a common problem. They will also have to live alone, which isn’t fair on an animal that needs company. Neutered males are much happier and more relaxed. They can enjoy life without constantly looking for a mate and are less aggressive and smelly.  Nearly all neutered males will stop spraying urine even if the operation is performed later in life.

Having female rabbits (does) spayed is even more important. Most females become territorial and aggressive from sexual maturity onwards (4-6 months). They have repeated false pregnancies, and may growl at, scratch and bite their owners as well as attacking other rabbits. Spaying reduces and sometimes eliminates these behavioural problems. Up to 80% of unsprayed female rabbits develop uterine cancer by 5 years of age.